7th Circuit Opinion Summaries courtesy of Justia.com
United States v. Rogan
Bankruptcy, Criminal Law, Government, White Collar Crime
River Road Hotel Partners, LLC v. Amalgamated Bank
Bloomfield State Bank v. United States
Bankruptcy, Real Estate & Property Law, Tax Law
Costello v. Grundon
Bankruptcy, Commercial Law, Securities Law
CDX Liquidating Trust v. Venrock Assocs., et al
Bankruptcy, Business Law, Securities Law
Reedsburg Util. Comm’n v. Grede Foundries, Inc.
Bankruptcy, Utilities Law
Kimbrell v. Brown
Bankruptcy, Injury Law
Posted in 101, 109(h), 11 U.S.C. § 707(b)(3), 11 U.S.C. section 365(a), 1112(b), 1307, 1308, 1322(b)(11), 1325(a)(5), 1325(a)(9), 1325(b), 1326(a)(1)(C), 1328, 15 USC 1692k(c), 2002, 28 U.S.C. 1927, 3017(d), 342, 362(c)(3)(A), 362(c)(3)(B), 362(c)(4)(A)(i), 363, 451, 126.96.36.199, 502(b)(6), 510, 521, 522, 523, 526(a), 527(a)(2), 528(a), 528(a)(4), 528(b)(2)(B), 547(b), 550, 550(a), 707, 727, 9019, 9023, 9037, adequate protection, adversary, amendment, appellate court, assets, attorneys, audit, automatic stay, automobile, avoidance, bad faith, bank, bankruptcy, Bankruptcy Rules, BAPCPA, blogging, blogs, bubble, business, business filings, call, case update, cash collateral, ch 13, ch 7, cir 7, consumer, current-events, IL, individual, ND, small business
Tagged Bankruptcy, Commercial Law, Criminal Law, law, Lawyers and Law Firms, Services, United States, United States bankruptcy court
Ransom v. FIA Card Services, N.A., f/k/a MBNA America Bank, N.A.
Certiorari from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Cir., Case 09–907
Argued October 4, 2010—Decided January 11, 2011
The Issue: Here the question was whether a Chapter 13 debtor could deduct the allowable auto payment from his monthly budget even though he did not have a car payment (i.e the vehicle was paid for). Put another way, is it fair for all debtors to be entitled to the maximum allowable deduction from their monthly disposable income, or must debtors establish what they actually pay?
The Answer: The Court ruled 8 to 1 (Scalia J. dissenting) that if a debtor makes more than the median income for his State then he must establish that he incurrs the amounts deducted from his monthly living expenses. No more automatic deductions if debtor cannot prove what he pays.
The Gist: To determine “disposable income” BAPCPA gave us the Means Test, which starts with gross monthly income then deducts living expenses – i.e. “amounts reasonably necessary for maintenance or support” of the debtor. In a Chapter 13 case the expenses considered “reasonably necessary” are identified in 11 U.S.C. §1325(b)(2)(A)(i) and include “applicable monthly expense amounts” as specified in National and Local IRS standards. Since BAPCPA was adopted, it has become common practice to include expenses at the maximum allowable level even if the debtor does not have, or pay for, that type of asset. This case appears to say that the party is over for Chapter 13 debtors.
See Also: this post from Chicago Attorney Steve Jacobowski on the Bankruptcy Litigation Blog regarding the Scalia dissent.
Posted in 101, 109(h), 11 U.S.C. § 707(b)(3), 11 U.S.C. section 365(a), 1112(b), 1307, 1308, 1322(b)(11), 1325(a)(5), 1325(a)(9), 1326(a)(1)(C), 1328, 15 USC 1692k(c), 28 U.S.C. 1927, 362(c)(3)(A), 362(c)(3)(B), 362(c)(4)(A)(i), 363, 451, 502(b)(6), 510, 521, 522, 523, 526(a), 527(a)(2), 528(a), 528(a)(4), 528(b)(2)(B), 547(b), 550, 550(a), 707, 727, 9019, 9023, 9037, adequate protection, administrative, Administrative Office of the Courts, amendment, appellate court, Bankruptcy Rules, BAPCPA, ch 13, cir 9, confirmed plan, Congress, consumer, conversion, cramdown, credit, credit card, credit cards, credit counseling, creditor, current affairs, current-events, data, debt, docket, economics, economy, Executive Office of the UST, fair credit reporting act, FDCPA, Fed. R. Bankr. Proc., Fed. R. Civ. P., individual, interest, legislation, means test, median income, memorandum opinion, Middle class, modification, opinion, research
Tagged BAPCPA, disposable income, IRS, J, Kagan, means test, Scalia, SCotUS
The U.S. Supreme Court denied certiorari with respect to U.S. v. Apex Oil Co., 579 F.3d 734 (C.A.7-Ill. 2009) in which the 7th Circuit held that an government injunction requiring Apex to clean up a contaminated site constituted a non-dischargeable debt as set out in the Bankruptcy Code.
By contrast, Apex argued that an injunction is not a “claim” under sec. 101(5)(B) because it is not a right to money damages arising from a breach of performance. Instead, claimed Apex, the injunctive claim was a demand on the Debtor barred by sec. 362, the Automatic Stay. In the alternative, said Apex,the claim was reducible to money damages and was therefore dischargeable. Finally, Apex argued that to consider an environmental clean-up order a nondischargeable claim would conflict with a line of Supreme Court cases starting with Ohio v. Kovacs, 469 U.S. 274, 105 S.Ct. 705, 83 L.Ed.2d 649 (1985).
The U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear the matter and the holding of the 7th Cir. Stands.
Posted in 101, 362(c)(3)(A), 362(c)(3)(B), 362(c)(4)(A)(i), adversary, business, business filings, economics, economy, Fed. R. Bankr. Proc., Fed. R. Civ. P., opinion
BoA joins a growing number of mortgage companies whose employees signed key documents in foreclosure cases without verifying that information. GMAC Mortgage and JPMorgan Chase have halted 10’s of thousands as well.
The 23 states in which BoA is delaying foreclosures include Connecticut
, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana
, Maine, Nebraska, New Jersey
, New Mexico
, New York, North Dakota
, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina
, South Dakota
, Vermont and Wisconsin.
Posted in 101, 1307, 1308, 1325(a)(5), 1325(a)(9), 1326(a)(1)(C), 1328, 15 USC 1692k(c), article, assets, attorneys, bailout, bank, bankruptcy, bubble, business, ch 13, ch 7, chapter 7, foreclosure, fraud, fraudulent transfers, IL, income, modification, property, sale
Windt v. Qwest Communications, 06-4662, 06-4808 [June 10, 2008]
In a lawsuit brought by bankruptcy trustees of a Dutch company asserting various claims against defendants who were allegedly responsible for the company’s insolvency, judgment dismissing trustee-plaintiff’s complaint on forum non-conveniens grounds is affirmed where the district court did not abuse its discretion in: 1) affording low deference to plaintiffs’ choice of forum in view of Netherlands’ substantial interest in resolving a dispute concerning alleged mismanagement of a Dutch company by board members and officers of that Dutch company; 2) concluding that avoiding problems in the application of foreign law favored dismissal; 3) balancing the public and private interest factors implicated in the case; and 4) determining that the convenience of litigating the dispute in New Jersey was outweighed by the oppressive or vexatious effect on defendants.
US v. Mitchell, 07-3136 [June 10, 2008]
Conviction upon defendant’s retrial for knowingly and fraudulently making a false statement under penalty of perjury in a bankruptcy case is affirmed where the circuit court declines to revisit a double jeopardy issue, and there was sufficient evidence to sustain his conviction.
ND IL ED
In re Weadley, 06-1854
Bibby Financial v. Weadley, 07-683
Issued June 11, 2008
Judge A. Benjamin Goldgar
Posted in 101, 109(h), 1307, 1308, 1322(b)(11), 1325(a)(5), 1325(a)(9), 1326(a)(1)(C), 1328, 15 USC 1692k(c), 342, 362(c)(3)(A), 362(c)(3)(B), 362(c)(4)(A)(i), 363, 188.8.131.52, 502(b)(6), 510, 521, 523, 527(a)(2), 528(a), 550, 707, 727, 9019, 9023, accounts receivable, adequate protection, administrative, Administrative Office of the Courts, adversary, aoc, appellate court, article, assets, audit, automatic stay, automobile, bad faith, Bankrupt, BAPCPA, black, blogging, Blogroll, blogs, bubble, business filings, CA, call, careers, case update, cash collateral, Census Bureau, ch 11, ch 13, ch 7, chapter 7, cir 1, cir 10, cir 11, cir 2, cir 3, cir 4, cir 5, cir 6, cir 7, cir 8, cir 9, civility, claim preclusion, code, collateral estoppel, Congress, consumer, conversion, county, cox, cramdown, credit, credit counseling, creditor, current affairs, current-events, data, debt, debt relief agency, depreciation, discharge, dismissal, disposable, divorce, doyle, e-discovery, economy, ED, elderly, empty-nest, ESI, estate, estate planning, Executive Office of the UST, fair credit reporting act, FDCPA, Fed. R. Bankr. Proc., fees, filings, FL, FLA, flipping, foreclosure, forms, fraud, fraudulent transfers, goldgar, government unit, grochocinski, hollis, IL, income, IND, individual, interest, investments, IRS, issue preclusion, jobs, joint, judge, lake, landlord/tenant, legislation, leibowitz, liability, lists, means test, median income, Middle class, mortgage, ND, non-debtor spouse, notice, opinion, pay advices, pay.gov, plan, pmsi-nonpossessory, pmsi-possessory, property, reaffirmation, real property, Uncategorized
Courtesy of King Bankruptcy Media
In re Ellringer, 2007 WL 1976750 (Bkrtcy.D. Minn. 2007) (Robert J. Kressel, J.)
Chapter 7 debtor was married and lived with a 3rd person who was not a dependent. That person regularly contributed $600 to the household budget, most of which was used to pay for their own living expenses. Debtor compared their income to a household of 1, which resulted in an above-median income. Debtor excluded the $600 contributed by the 3rd person. Trustee argued that the 3rd person should not be included in the household count OR if counted then the $600 should be included in the debtor’s income. The UST advocated using the definition of “household” found in the Internal Revenue Manuel. Trouble was that the IRM does not actually define the term household and instead simply indicates that the number of persons allowed under the national standard expenses should generally be the same as the number of dependents on the taxpayer’s latest income tax return. See IRM §184.108.40.206 (2004). Court rejected this argument and held that
“The Census Bureau defines “household” as “all of the people, related and unrelated, who occupy a housing unit.” U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (2004). A housing unit is a house, apartment, group of rooms or single room that is intended for occupancy as a separate living quarters. Id. Households may be either family or nonfamily. Id. Family households include the householder and all the other people in the living quarters who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption. Id. A nonfamily household consists of a householder living alone, or a householder who shares the home exclusively with people to whom he or she is not related. Id. If Congress had intended to limit household size to only household members related by blood, marriage or adoption, it could have done so by saying “in the case of a debtor in a family of 2 . . . .”
The Court further held that the Code only requires to be included in the median income and means tests that portion of a non-filing household member’s income that is regularly contributed to the “ … household expenses of the debtor or the debtor’s dependents.” See §101(10A).